• Brief full frontal male nudity; though, it is shadowed by filtered sunlight.
  • In the first scene of the film, two women are seen topless, including their nipples, from the side.
  • The main character is a male escort and much of the film focuses on this, including many conversations about it and meeting with clients.
  • A man is hired To have sex with a woman by her husband. The man meets the woman who is laying in bed and make some sexual talk. The husband watches and starts giving directions but the scene ends.
  • A woman goes to a man’s apartment and tells him she wants to pay him for sex. They are then shown lying in bed, after implied sex, as the man has phone sex with another woman.
  • A sex scene between a man and a woman where the woman’s breasts are briefly shown and the view pans over much of their bodies as they are in bed.
  • One man asks another man to have gay sex with a client, however he declines.
  • Many conversations about sex and prostitution throughout.
  • Brief scene in a gay bar where many men dance and some are topless.
  • There is one scene where Julian is shown looking out the blinds of his window nude. His bare buttocks are shown briefly.


Film review:Translated by www.rabudo-ru.com


1、 Plot and theme

The American film pretty woman was filmed in 1990. It tells the story of young business elite Edward Lewis (played by Richard Gill) who lost his way in Beverly Hills and broke into the red light district. He asked the street prostitute Vivian (played by Julia Roberts), and the two met. When the beautiful Vivian sent Edward back to the hotel, he decided to let her stay for one night. One night later, Edward decided to hire her at a high price for a week as a female companion at social events. In this week, they began to understand each other. Vivian’s sincere character moved Edward, and his talent and friendship also deeply attracted her. They gradually fell in love. A week passed quickly. When the contract expired and was about to leave, Edward proposed to place her in a New York apartment, but Vivian declined this kind of captive life, abided by the original agreement, resolutely left Edward and returned to his residence, ready to return to the campus and start a new life. Just as she left, Edward came. As she had always dreamed, the prince finally rescued Cinderella.

Obviously, “beautiful woman” is about a modern Cinderella. The protagonist’s fate was once difficult, but everyone was happy in the end. All contradictions were resolved in the romance of love. In addition to the dreamy beauty unique to fairy tales, the film also creates the characteristics of people in that innocent age, a simple beauty. Therefore, the film has achieved great success and become the representative work of the film type of love film.

In “beautiful woman”, the heroine Vivian’s sex worker identity, Cinderella’s plot mode, male lead Richard gill and other important factors all remind people of another American film, American dancer, made in 1980. The film tells the story of a handsome young man Julian Kay (played by Richard Gill) in Los Angeles in the 1970s. He works as a dancer for a living and works for multiple pimps at the same time. During a work break, he met Michelle, the wife of the local Councillor. The depression of marriage made her full of favor for him, and there was love between them. At this time, the detective came to investigate Julian because a woman he served was killed. In the investigation, everything was against him. Julian accidentally killed the pimp and went to jail in the process of looking for the truth. In despair, Michelle did not hesitate to divorce her husband and came to rescue him.

Although the external atmosphere of the two films is very different, “beautiful woman” is cheerful and romantic, and “American dancer” is heavy and gloomy, they have the same theme, that is, men are saved by women. This theme not only subverts the narrative conventions of love films, but also implies profound social significance. It can be said that the film text is in the name of love, Reversed the gender order in reality and art. On the surface, Edward redeemed Cinderella Vivian’s body in beautiful woman, but actually Vivian redeemed Edward’s soul. It was because of her appearance that his temperament was changed and went to help others. Therefore, all the possibilities of their gender relationship stem from her complete redemption of him. This process seems romantic, but in fact it is full of bitterness and bitterness. American dancer more shows the rough texture of reality. Julian, pretending to be a gentleman, accosted Michelle, and she took the initiative to put forward sexual needs to him. This real and brave move made him deeply embarrassed, at a loss and fled. Although he refused her again and again, his kindness and tenderness towards women made him obey her, and the result was out of control. The important premise of their relationship is that there is no money sex transaction. In this way, their emotional and physical relationship is very pure. When he was in trouble, she sacrificed herself without hesitation, chose to be with him, and completed the all-round rescue of him at the cost of a superior life and a bright future. Like “beautiful woman”, Enke finally became a lover, which is both amazing and incredible. Therefore, the two films are like two sides of a coin, heterogeneous and homogeneous, echoing each other from afar.

The opening of beautiful woman sets Edward’s situation. He is handsome and has many girlfriends, but he broke up because he is too devoted to work and lacks care for them. Now, those women have found a place to belong. He is the only one who is still brave in his career. Edward was tired of his circle, so he fled the boring party and the seemingly peaceful and gorgeous world of the upper class. When he broke into another world alone, he would immediately get lost, because the established social order decided that he did not belong here, and he crossed the border. Interestingly, when he was confused, he did not get the help of those symbolic figures of social order, but turned to street prostitutes, and she easily pointed out the direction to him, which helped him find the direction of life. This plot setting forms an easy to interpret metaphor. At this time, Edward is in the double loss of road and life. Vivian not only acts as his guide, but also makes up for his lack of human nature, repairs his unbalanced life for a long time, and makes him finally find himself. Ironically, Edward’s many ex girlfriends failed to grasp him despite their elegant manners. Instead, an employee became a real friend with him.

In fact, the screenwriter of “beautiful woman” originally wanted to tell a rather black story to show the gloomy life of a Los Angeles prostitute in the late 1980s and early 1990s, which is full of realistic meaning and sad. But in the process of creation, for many reasons, the sad story has become a happy comedy, and the narrative focus has also shifted to romantic love. Nevertheless, the film moderately shows all kinds of discrimination against prostitutes in real society. For example, when Vivian was shopping on the famous rodeo drive, although she held a lot of money, she was brutally rejected and ruthlessly ridiculed by those dignified saleswomen because of her inappropriate Street dress. When she was bullied and sad, she was caught and questioned by the manager in the hotel lobby. Although he saved her face, he never believed that she was Edward’s relative. At this time, he began to sympathize with and help her inexplicably, and finally became her friend. While skillfully using Hollywood’s self circle narrative strategy, the play also integrates wonderful self reflection. For example, Edward takes Vivian to watch the opera Camellia girl, and hints the audience through the tragic story of the dusty woman viorita, so as to keep the audience’s basic understanding of reality and not completely fall into the situation of fairy tales. The scene of “beautiful woman” transited from a low night at the beginning to a bright afternoon at the end. With the famous aria of “Camellia girl”, the film reached a climax.

Throughout the film, Edward and Vivian changed from the first hour of trading to a night of trading, to a week of contract, and finally to a long-term agreement. Love healed everything again. This film is worthy of being a perfect demonstration of Hollywood dream making, which is amazing and thought-provoking.

The last scene of American dancer is a close-up of Julian’s face. He leans sadly against the visiting window, while Michelle’s hand comforts his face through the window and whispers a pure, affectionate and lovely sentence: after so much experience, I can finally be with you. (It’s taken me so long to come to you.) At this time, the rock music adapted from Mozart’s Clarinet Concerto made the mood of the film reach a climax. The original motive for the creation of American dancer came from the famous French director Robert Bresson’s 1959 film pickpocket, and the last scene of the former was deeply influenced by the latter.

2、 From Julian to Edward

A man of upper class society meets and falls in love with a woman of humble origin. The sweetness of love is always disturbed by their class differences, and love finally overcomes all prejudices, and lovers get married. The cruel erotic trading scene is gradually replaced by the warm and romantic love scene. Just like the pillow talk scene, the two people’s talk and listen let them approach each other’s hearts and depend on each other. Two people belonging to different social classes come together occasionally. Because of love, the gap between identity and status is effectively bridged, and the two social spaces move from collision to integration.

“American dancer” is narrated in the style of black film. Although compared with the fans of classic black films such as “long night dream”, “double compensation” and “Maltese Eagle”, the temperament of the film is obviously soft, the plot is low, the blinds, the night, Julian’s cold and isolated state of mind and crazy women still inherit the black aesthetics. It is worth mentioning that Paul Schrader, the screenwriter and director of American dancer, has a strong preference for various night work themes. His taxi driver (1976), American dancer (1980) and light sleeper (1992) describe the lives of three different night employees respectively, which are generally regarded as night trilogy. From time to time, the film reveals Schrader’s black belief, and the character’s black innocence is also well liked by the audience.

Edward and Vivian in beautiful woman saved each other, and Michelle and Julian in American dancer saved each other, so that everyone got a new life. “American dancer” is an early work of Richard gill. Later, he shot “an officer and a gentleman” (1982), the Cotton Club (1984), and so on. After the vicissitudes of different characters, he played Edward. In the past ten years, the dancer turned into a rich man from a sex worker who sold his body to a social elite. What is meaningful is that when he was given a new identity, he went to recruit prostitutes. This seems to be a remembrance of the plight of the past and a mockery of the current achievements. Edward recruited prostitutes for the first time, but he didn’t know what he was going to do. This unusual behavior made Vivian uncertain and very embarrassed. Richard Gill’s character was saved by others first, and ten years later, he went to save others. As if he was redeeming himself ten years ago.

Vivian is like Julian. She is kind-hearted and indulgent. Although she is embarrassed, she does not sink. She has her own ideas, principles and dignity. The two characters constitute a transmission of the character’s identity and character, which enables Julian to reflect on himself from Edward’s perspective.

In American dancer, Julian’s detective is played by Hector Elizondo, and in beautiful woman, he plays Bernard, a senior hotel manager. Once upon a time, he followed Julian as a suspect all day and mocked the latter. Today, Edward is Bernard’s guest. He was respectful to Edward and mercifully extended a helping hand to his girlfriend Vivian after a short period of doubt and contempt. From dancers to tycoons, from detectives to hotel managers, this earth shaking change in character identity, played by the same actors, seems to be intended to refer to the growth process of the protagonist, while onlookers can witness the miracle of self redemption created by the protagonist in the two films with an emotionally complex look. The mutual text effect of the two films can not help but make people daydream and feel the changes of the world. The dramatic change of identity and the replacement of character relations, from one to the other, are not without absurdity or ridicule, or mixed with a deep respect.

In 2007, director Schrader filmed the walker, with the same theme and plot as American dancer, describing the life of a gay man who provides companionship services for upper class women. The film is a remake of American dancer by the author himself. In 2000, Gary Marshall, the director of “beautiful woman”, made “runaway bride”, which is widely regarded as a sequel to “beautiful woman”, and the hero and heroine continue their romantic love from another angle. Now, if you watch these films side by side, you can imagine and explore the relationship between the two, and experience the pleasure of reading, and those fortuitous and inevitability will produce richer meaning and write new myths over time.

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