A man is seen naked from behind before and after bathing in a pond scaring away a native. This scene is meant to be played for laughs.
A married couple appears to be having sex underneath a blanket in a tipi where other people are sleeping around them (no body parts are explicitly shown). A man watches them for a moment, surprised, before they notice him looking and he turns away.
A man has sex with a woman – several minutes and more explicit.
A wife groping her husband, though this occurs just offscreen.
The man squats while defecating. We see his bare hip and side of buttock.


Film review:Translated by www.rabudo-ru.com


This is my homework for cultural anthropology class, which is the feeling of writing this film. Friends who also like this film are welcome to read and comment.

The movie “dancing with the wolf” has a particularly prominent position in film history. Firstly, it is the first western film in the United States in decades. Director Kevin Costner boldly chose the generally unpopular western theme and successfully revived an almost dying film. Secondly, the most important point is that it changes the western central values of traditional Westerns and jumps out of the old-fashioned personal heroism with white people as the protagonist. Instead, it discusses and reflects on the cultural conflict and mutual understanding between white people and original people in North America, making dancing with wolves the westerns with the most anthropological spirit.

The first half of the film is to enter the strange Su people’s world from the perspective of U.S. Lieutenant Dunbar. In the second half, the director shows the white world and the Su people’s world on the same plane to the audience. It is no longer a white man who enters the Su people’s life as an Explorer, Because this is actually a description way of tracking the white perspective with Western values as the observation core. As an “alternative” blockbuster with English subtitles and speaking Soviet for quite a long time, Kevin Costner seeks to create an observation perspective for the audience, that is, standing outside the values of Soviet and white people, allowing the audience to evaluate and think about the respective ways of thinking of the two contradictory subjects and the conflict between them, To the greatest extent, it enables the audience to treat the conflict between whites and Soviets in history with the “value neutral” attitude advocated by Weber.

1、 White people’s attitude – when conquest becomes a “habit”, and the emergence of colonial thinking

At that time, the attitude of the U.S. government towards the indigenous people was “surrender if it was obedient, and pay if it was contrary”. In any case, it forced all the indigenous people to obey Western values and live in a white way of thinking. We must understand the fact that the white people’s attitude towards Aboriginal people is natural and inevitable, whether we criticize the series of practices of the United States government towards Aboriginal people at that time or defend their historical limitations. This can be attributed to the specific history of white Americans and the inevitability of the development of Western civilization. Starting from the great discovery of Geography in the 15th century, modern western civilization is doomed to its conquering characteristics. With the complete establishment of Western material civilization and spiritual civilization and the in-depth exploration of the unknown world, the way of thinking of the central values and the firmness of “self-evident” belief in oneself are deeply rooted in the Western brain.

Therefore, since the first Europeans landed on the American continent, everything happened naturally, which was taken for granted by whites: the Spanish explorers trampled on the Central American Empire was completely reasonable, because those “barbarians” did not change their teachings and did not believe in God; The British Empire and the Bourbon family should have American colonies, because the original people in this land are “uncivilized”; The United States must assimilate all indigenous peoples, because “people living in the territory of the United States should obtain freedom and democracy, and rationality and the rule of law should be promoted”. Therefore, it is not difficult to understand the hatred and contempt of Citi soldiers when they see Indians in the film. “All the ‘red fans’ who refuse to change are the enemies of the United States”… Lieutenant Dunbar, who integrates into the life of the Soviet people, has become a “traitor”. The “state” he betrays is a thinking mode entity at the level of politics and values

2、 The attitude of the Sioux — Analysis of social structure and cognition of whites

The Su people who have lived on this continent for generations are a small pyramid hunting and gathering society. Although in a broad sense, the Su people include a large number of clans from the Great Plains of North America to southern Canada, due to the lack of land suitable for farming, the Su people can not bring themselves a lot of wealth by themselves, so the social division of labor is very simple, It also lost the opportunity to build a state machine and become a hierarchical empire. Such a society is characterized by their inability to leave a small area that can bring them food. For the Su people, the survival is a huge number of bison on the Great Plains. Even if the whole tribe needs to move because of environmental factors, it can’t leave the Great Plains. The chief of the great chieftain and the chief of the seven clans are the administrative and religious spiritual leaders of the Su people. All clans make decisions on various matters with the “tribal council” as the link.

To sum up, various factors determine the Su people’s understanding of the world and their own understanding. Unlike the western world, with the continuous differentiation of social division of labor, the narrow European continent can not meet the survival needs of Westerners, so they adopt the “seeing is believing” method of exploration and scientific analysis. All the knowledge of the Su people is limited to the river valley and tribes with many bison, and superstitious legends from the elders. But the same thing is that both whites and Sioux define the unfamiliar things they see with their own cognitive experience.

In the eyes of the Sioux, the white people’s conquest of the unknown world is stupid and puzzling, because staying in their way of thinking, as long as fixed land and endless bison are enough, they believe that no one owns land. The land, sky and sea are all from the great God “baikangtaka”. No one can own them. They can only enjoy the gift of the earth and use the land instead of owning the land. People can own horses, tents and clothes, but they can’t own land. Many Soviet soldiers have also attacked many white civilians, because in their eyes, these “aliens” are greedy and cruel, and they are enemies who come to compete with the Soviet people for land. Human beings always have such a habit of thinking, that is, they ignore the characteristics of individuals and only stay in the stereotype of a similar group. So the Sioux hated the whole white group. In their eyes, the white people were like locusts. The white people came and said they wanted to buy land and give something in exchange. The simple Sioux thought the white people just wanted to rent land and thought they would leave soon. The white man told the Sioux that you could live in the beautiful black mountain forever, but immediately betrayed your faith and frantically mined Black Mountain gold. The white man came and killed the bison crazily. He had no plan and killed all the bison. The Sioux lost their food, and the Sioux also killed bison, but they knew how to control the number of bison, while the Whites wanted to kill all the bison. White people brought many strange diseases, and many Sioux died after being infected. The white people brought strong wine again. The Sioux never drank wine. Some people got sick. Some people began to drink crazy. The brave soldiers became drunkards. The brothers began to fight. The Sioux were polluted. The white people want the Sioux to live like them, no hunting and farming. The white people asked the Sioux not to have their own beliefs, and even the most important “Sun Dance” ceremony could not be held. The westward advance of the United States is the disaster of the great horseback culture.

3、 Clash of civilizations — when Lieutenant Dunbar met “emanating from the wind” and “hat incident”

The above is the display of the core values of both sides of the contradiction in the film. Next, the director puts the two subjects in the opposite state like a chessboard, so that the audience can see their conflict, understanding and mutual understanding.

At the beginning, the Sioux and lieutenant Dunbar had been testing each other. In their original consciousness, each other was hostile. For Dunbar, he faced the legendary “barbarians”. When he found that the Sioux did not burn, kill and loot without principle as in the legend, he tried to get close to them. Among many Su elders, there are many who are willing to learn strange things, but even if both sides are willing to put aside their subjective value judgment and try to understand each other, there will be friction. I was particularly impressed by a plot: Dunbar accidentally lost his hat in the process of gaining the trust of the tribe and helping his people hunt bison together. At the family banquet in the evening, Dunbar found that the Soviet warrior “scattered in the wind” appeared without scruples wearing his hat. When he asked to return, he was rejected, and even almost triggered a conflict. In Dunbar’s view, the hat belongs to him. After losing it, the person who finds it should return what belongs to him. This is a typical Western way of thinking of rights and obligations, which is rooted in the spirit of civil law in the economic life of the western world. “Distributed in the wind” believes that this is what he found. As a “booty”, it should not only belong to him, but also all those who question the ownership of his “booty” are regarded as a “challenge” to him. Because in the Soviet society, brave soldiers have a high social status, and “soldiers” are also the best hunters. The “kalisma” of soldiers is reflected in their “booty”. Any doubt about the “booty” is a challenge to the soldiers’ position. From this, we can see how the differences in life experience of people from different cultural types produce such huge values.

4、 Revelation

Perhaps we will have such a question: since there are people like “kicking birds” who are willing to learn and good at understanding. And Dunbar is that kind of friendly white man. Wouldn’t everyone put down some of their prejudices and be honest with each other to solve the conflict? In fact, it is not only the conflict between whites and Soviets in the film, but also the national conflicts and misunderstandings in our real world are so difficult to reconcile. The core problem is self-centered. From the above, we can conclude that the deviation of national values and the self-centered of subjective will actually come from the different life experiences of their respective civilizations. Due to the constraints of production mode and objective environment, all civilizations’ cognition or philosophy of the whole world come from their own life experience. The difference in cognition of the world has a profound impact on the judgment of things from strange civilizations. For example, it is difficult to imagine that a European businessman from a western economic rational society and a soldier from a hunting and gathering tribe reach a consensus on the ownership of a certain item; For another example, a Western judge based on the “spirit of contract” and a rural official influenced by the “value rationality” of traditional society have made different judgments in the same case, but they all think that their judgments are in line with the “truth” or “Providence”. Under the condition of Cultural Deviation on the fundamental issues of “truth”, it is really difficult to bridge the conflict between civilizations.

In dancing with wolves, Lieutenant Dunbar and “kicking the bird” are two thought-provoking characters. Although they doubt or even despise each other’s civilization like their “peers”, they dare to take the initiative to understand each other’s way of thinking and living habits. Since the values of a strange culture are so difficult to accept relative to your own life experience, understand each other’s lifestyle and habits, and think about the social operation mode of its civilization. If you break away from this point to find a way to bridge the contradiction or understanding, it is empty talk and it is difficult to put down your subjective stereotypes and values. Because there is no understanding of each other’s capital. In the film, Lieutenant Dunbar has a series of classic anthropological investigation experience. He not only dares to learn, but also integrates into it. Only through a role with such personality can we feel the difference of thinking mode and let the audience accustomed to Western values change their perspective to observe all this in history.

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