Implied sex: a couple goes behind a wall but you don’t see anything. 1. Elmer is on the train, he sees a photo of a scanty-dressed woman. 2. Elmer takes photo of a scanty woman with him, while in someone’s basement, you’ll see it laying on the floor. 3. A good size scene; where a raid is happening at a Whore’s House with women wearing scanty clothing. 4. A long scene where Elmer goes to a prostitute’s house and she takes off her sheer robe and you see her wearing a scanty gown and cleavage is shown. She raises her leg and you see her hip and her whole bare leg. 5. A scene where the woman preacher is in her low-cut night gown.


Film review:Translated by www.rabudo-ru.com


The vast majority of Chinese people are secretly utilitarians, so it is not easy for the Chinese people to understand religious fanaticism. This is probably due to the famous “people who don’t know things, how can they know ghosts” of Professor Kong. However, modern people’s enthusiasm for desire is no worse than religious fanaticism.

Although the evil sea crazy soul has a name that incites hormones, it actually tells the story of a salesman turning into a missionary: in the belief revival movement in the United States in the 1920s, the down-to-earth salesman Gant inadvertently found that he had the talent of preaching, in order to catch up with a beauty in the revival movement and get rid of the economic dilemma, He readily joined the movement. From selling to preaching, from mortals to “saints”, from the fall to redemption, gantley has gone through many twists and turns and returned to the origin, but he has experienced the most profound ideological changes in his life. Obviously, this screen image is the concentration of director Brooks’s thinking on the belief of modern people. Therefore, the first half of this film focuses on the conflict between spirit and desire; The second half shows the boundary between saint and fan.

Director Richard Brooks is quite keen on screenwriting and more keen on bringing literary works to the screen. The infatuated soul of the evil sea is also adapted from the novel of the same name by Sinclair Lewis, a popular American novelist in the 1920s. Brooks used the realistic style of images to replace the reportage style in the original work, which is a good interpretation and even surpasses the original work. Therefore, different from other literary adaptation films, if you have seen this film, you don’t have to go through the works of that old novelist.

Spirit and desire

the night before Christmas. The film opens with the drunken laughter. We see the first scene of the film, which is a close-up of an ornament showing the birth of Jesus in a manger; At the same time, we also heard the first line of the film, which was gantley’s yellow joke to the drunkard.

Jesus and yellow jokes seem to confirm the next problem gantley will face: spirit and desire. As soon as gantrif appeared, he proved that he was “desire” rather than “spirit”. He is eloquent, can speak and sing, and is familiar with the text of the Bible, but these can not hide what he really wants: money and beauty. In the tavern, gantley showed his passion, fluency and beautiful looking language talent. He persuaded the drunkards to relieve the money for the nuns who came to conjure alms, and used beautiful words to lead the female drinkers to the shabby small hotel to spend the spring night with him. Of course, the tongue can’t be used as money. The next day, the penniless gantry didn’t have money to tip the waiter. He even hurried away without saying hello to the female guest. He only used lipstick to write “Merry Christmas” on the mirror, just like all men who leave without saying goodbye to women. On the way, the hungry gantley walked into a country church, took the lead in singing hymns, and gave the priest a long quotation of the Bible. This not only showed that he was quite familiar with the Bible, but also won the favor of the priest and a good meal. Using seemingly spiritual behavior for the satisfaction of desire, the director has shown the behavior of people like gantry at a glance.

Therefore, gantley metaphors “desire” in the film, and “desire” is the most basic human nature. Correspondingly, it is the spirituality or divinity metaphorized by Sharon. The story between the two can show the tension between spirit and desire. The director does not simply show how gantley pursues Sharon, but buys an interesting Rhetoric: what are the similarities and differences between Sharon’s sermon and gantley’s promotion?

Sharon’s belief revival movement is that Christians use pious performance, narration and guidance to trigger people’s inner desire for religion, so as to continue to believe in God. With her beautiful and pure appearance and voice, Sharon comforted people who were distressed by the lack of faith and became the star of this movement. Gantley was shocked when he first saw Sharon in the sermon, and suddenly fell into the river of desire. In order to get her, gantley was determined to join Sharon’s camp.

From a salesman to a missionary, gantry’s turn is gorgeous. He once again took out the enthusiasm, incitement and housekeeping skills he had trained in sales promotion. He kept talking about the tears moved by the believers, and even knelt on the ground and tore his clothes. In order to crack down on atheists, gantri even took a gorilla to the sermon to ridicule atheism, which also received excellent results. Many people restored their faith after preaching.

It should be pointed out that there are fundamental differences in the seemingly similar sermons of Sharon and gantry. Sharon’s sermon did come from faith, but gantley’s performance was provocative marketing and publicity. Gantley went to seminary, but was expelled for abducting the Deacon’s daughter. The more extravagant gantley said, the farther away from faith. Sharon, Sharon’s agent bill and gantley know this. Sharon said to gantley, “God chose me, and I chose you. The difference between me and you is that I really believe, but you are not.” By implication, Sharon just used his ability to sell to restore people’s faith and get salvation. That’s enough. It doesn’t matter whether he really believes or not. The accompanying reporter Jim even called him the “best and most successful clown” on the sermon

And gantley doesn’t care what others think of him. What he wants is to succeed and get Sharon. So after a passionate sermon, gantry was more or less immersed in the religious atmosphere he created. He said to Jim, “at that moment, I felt I could love everyone in the world.” And Jim said, “especially love that girl.” Gantley laughed and nodded. Therefore, gantry is undoubtedly on the side of desire in the conflict between spirit and desire. When the movement became popular in sinas City, gantry finally seduced Sharon under the cross.

Here, the problem is implicit. On the one hand, Sharon is still spiritual. Even if she devotes herself to gantry, it is difficult to deny her devotion to religion. In particular, she spent ten years only to own a church; On the other hand, we also saw the difference between preaching and marketing becoming smaller and even zero, but when the movement spread to sinas City, it exuded the smell of money, self-interest and entertainment from beginning to end: gantry became famous, sinas church deacons would not lose their jobs, and the people were also happy to see a religious Carnival like a circus float parade.

This is the sharp point of Brooks’s realism. He praised Sharon’s value, but he was never soft on the analysis of the “marketing” essence of the revival movement. What can a salesman successfully reach the peak of his missionary career mean except the falsehood of the missionary? Therefore, Brooks’s implicit warning is that faith is a purely personal inner thing, and those under the banner of the messenger of God are liars.

Saint and fan

It’s about the successful performance of Sharon’s actor Jane Simmons. The more I see it, the more I feel that she is alive and sound like a 20th century Joan of arc. What do you say? Like Joan of arc, Sharon thought she was guided by God, but they couldn’t prove it. They turned into a sea of fire in the end.

As early as when Sharon met gantley, she claimed to “accept God’s guidance”. With the rise of the revival movement, she increasingly believes that she is an angel of God, which can not only guide the sinners to salvation, but also really cure the patients. At the end of the film, Sharon makes a deaf man deaf. Believing that they can create miracles is the common feature of Sharon and Joan of arc. Since Joan of arc can be called a saint, why doesn’t Sharon define it as a saint?

Similarly, gantley’s name has also sprung up. From a penniless salesman, he really achieved “people in 14 states call me by my name”. When he gave a speech at the sinas City stadium, the director timely used elevation shooting, and gantry was like a cult leader. He then aroused the religious hatred of the citizens who had not seen him for a long time, and surrounded him to destroy those guilty places, such as pubs and brothels. It seems that he has long forgotten that he was a frequent customer of wine on credit in the tavern, and once abandoned the woman named Lulu he abducted at the Kansas Theological Seminary. Therefore, a large number of believers sang the battle song “go ahead, Christian soldiers!” of the Crusades in the middle ages, Fanaticism is no less than that in the past, and they do cruel things in the name of morality. They destroy pubs with sticks and mercilessly arrest prostitutes. Clearly forget that Christ’s teaching is tolerance.

In this way, Sharon and gantley were shaped by public opinion as living saints, moral models and faith benchmarks. They are also more and more like golden girls in religious circles. When they return from preaching every day, they encourage each other and wink at each other. Hearing his speech on the radio was like the jade voice of Jesus. Brooks made great efforts to exaggerate this point and obviously raised the question: what is the boundary of mortal belief? Are mortals qualified to be saints?

As for gantley, his reputation came and went in a hurry. Lulu, the woman he abducted and abandoned in his early years, was a prostitute in sinas city. When gantri led the fanatical believers to smash the brothel, Lulu looked at him again. Heartbroken but still in love with him, Lulu hated from love and wanted to expose his hypocrisy, so she carefully set a trap. On the one hand, she asked gantry to meet her and catch up with her, and let the indebted gantley kiss her; Let someone secretly take a picture of this scene. Lulu didn’t mean to blackmail, but to vent her anger, and finally made these photos public. So gantley repeated the history of the rise and fall of the European Catholic Church – the papal bishops who were once considered to be the spokesmen of God turned out to be licentious people in the Decameron. It is conceivable that the halo shrouded in him quickly disappeared and replaced it with flying eggs, vegetable leaves, garbage and the name of “hypocrite”. Gantli did not avoid humiliation and let the garbage fall all over his body. This is the most amazing scene in the film. After this change, gantley suddenly realized his mortal nature.

As far as Sharon is concerned, she is destined to drift away and lose herself in Joan of arc’s self belief. Therefore, her desire as a mortal is bound to be suppressed. What she wants to do is what God can do. The Bible records Jesus’ miracle of curing leprosy patients in a moment, and Sharon also created a miracle of praying to restore the hearing of the deaf in her last sermon. Here, I do not want to investigate whether the deaf is a trust, but I must explain that the miracles recorded in the Bible can only be done by Jesus in the Christian context, and mortals are not qualified. What Sharon did actually violated God’s power. This is not Christianity, but heresy.

Gantley once said, “people don’t like God as human.” This line seems to say that “God is also mortal”, and it is also reminiscent of Martin Scorsese’s Last Temptation of Christ 28 years later. In fact, gantley is satirizing the public. Because saints and all cannot be confused. Only fools believe in Christ and can see saints with their own eyes.

Under Brooks’ lens, the original alliance suddenly collapsed. Gantley, who returned to the mortal world again, and Sharon, who regarded himself as a saint, finally parted ways. Before the last sermon, gantley finally begged Sharon to fly away with him, change her name, get married and have a baby. Of course Sharon didn’t promise, which was expected. Therefore, in the second half of the film, the director focuses on the boundary of faith, that is, even if the belief of mortals is pious, it can not arrogate divine power.

Crime and punishment

Brooks in the 1950s was at the peak of making realistic films. The so-called realism is not the illustration of ideas in dogmatic realism in middle school textbooks, but discusses social problems through dramatic plots, which answers Brooks’s intention. As in this film, gantley and Sharon go two ways respectively, and the ending is naturally different.

Gantley changed from a “Saint” to a “hypocrite”. In fact, he felt relieved. Although Lulu ruined his reputation, he still found Lulu to apologize, and they hugged each other. It can be said that becoming a mortal again shows gantley’s ultimate salvation. His past desires and sins were also washed away. At the end of the film, gantley’s dialogue with Jim undoubtedly proves this. Gantley said: “I think life has ups and downs, guilt has redemption, do your best, and leave the rest to the Lord.” Jim asked, “so you believe in the Lord?” Gantley said, “yes, what’s wrong with bending your knees occasionally? Prayer is the best medicine.” From then on, gantley was no longer a liar, a demagogue selling faith, nor a saint. He began to believe that God was no longer the representative of desire; But it will not arrogate the scepter of a saint, so it refuses fanaticism.

Is Sharon’s ending a tragedy or redemption? There should be different opinions. At the last sermon, a cigarette end suddenly set off a fire. The believers who had just made Sharon a saint screamed and fled for their lives. Sharon didn’t. She believed that God would protect everyone and her ability. Unfortunately, she finally won the same ending as Joan of arc. The church she had worked hard for ten years was completely burned down, leaving the cross burning in the night. Brooks has shot the cross many times in this film, but the cross in this scene is the most frightening, which makes people feel that the fire is the legendary hell fire for a moment. The next day, people only found Sharon’s damaged Bible. In my opinion, for her who is already crazy, it is inevitable to go to death (sanctification). This is not tragedy, but redemption.

Sharon ascended to heaven and gantley was on earth. At this time, the director’s judgment on faith has been clearly expressed: at the level of spirit and desire, faith is spiritual, which is the spirit of the individual rather than selling goods; On the level of holiness and otherness, faith has its own limits. We cannot practice hatred in the name of faith, nor arrogate the power of God. In a word, faith is a matter of one’s heart. The United States is a Protestant country. The biggest difference between Protestantism and Catholicism is that Protestantism believes that inner piety is enough, and Catholicism must recognize the guidance of the Holy See and the church. Obviously, Brooks is defending the Protestant position.

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