Infrequent mild sex references.


A husband and wife enter a bedroom at night, and open the door the next morning. They are in different clothing and the bed appears to be undone.


A woman summons her husband to bed. The scene cuts to the next morning and it is implied they had sex.


Film review:Translated by www.rabudo-ru.com


Westerns are the type films with the longest history. John Ford, the greatest director in the field of Westerns, began shooting desert grassland horses and cowboys in the 1910s. After decades of development, westerns have gradually become the representative of American films. Generally speaking, western films always establish some basic opposition and contradiction, such as between police and bandits, between whites and Indians, between North and south, between good and evil, etc. this opposition is covered with some simple love hate relationship. Generally, the introduction is very simple and direct. Only one or two sentences of dialogue can explain a long story background and feelings. Western films are rarely sloppy. The characters must be shaped in a very short time, and the subsequent development is only to continuously strengthen the character image of the characters. Traditional westerns, about similar to the plot of Chinese martial arts, attract people with fighting and duel. Gun battles are constant, and horse chasing is very common. After several battles, justice always defeats evil, and the glory belongs to the strong.

By the 1950s, the golden age of Hollywood had gone through the most brilliant middle and late 1940s, and gradually began to decline. The magic of genre films gradually faded, and anti genre films appeared. In the 1952 Academy Award winner noon, Fred kinneman asked the old Gary Cooper to take off his badge and throw it to the ground at the end of the film, which means that the western’s consistent defense of honor and justice began to collapse. Although the traditional western star John Wayne despised it, he also played a role loaded with too much emotion in the searcher in 1956, The knight, who is struggling to bear and must be tough, and finally leaves alone, is a helpless singing of Ford, the soul character of traditional westerns, in his later years of Westerns, which is also his own. During this period, younger directors were not only looking for new business models, such as Wheeler, kapura and Stevens, who opened their own production company “freedom”, but also looking for new film types. In the face of the still powerful type film system, the new type means the change of the old type.

In 1953, George Stevens made Shane, a western film in which guns could hardly be heard. When Alan Ladd appeared, he didn’t have the vicissitudes of traditional Western cowboys at all. He even looked beautiful. His figure was not tall. He had blond hair, rode on horseback and smiled slightly. He was neither heroic nor sophisticated. Although the contradiction between the two sides in the play is still the opposite relationship between good and evil, the evil side also seems to have a good reason: this land should belong to them, because they are the first pioneers to reclaim here. Another contradiction that has never existed in western films before is people’s attitude towards guns. In Wyoming, the wild Ranger, there are no groups of cowboys walking around with guys. People doubt the power of weapons, and more people begin to realize the existence of law. Therefore, the traditional rule of “gun has the final say” began to face the challenge of “federal law has the final say”. People began to realize their rights and the different times. In order to defeat the opponent, the villain still needs to invite a gunman from a long distance. This is a scene that traditional western films will never see, and even some cowardice. But it is this change that marks the subversion of the wild Ranger to the traditional western film: it has clearly introduced the concept of law and state (people in the film commemorate the independence day on July 4). People no longer advocate force and believe in justice. Although Shane solved the bad guys with a few shots in the way of Western cowboys at the end of the film, he has to accept the fact that his era is over, The glory of the lone ranger has become a legend in the eyes of children, but it is no longer a weapon in the waist of adults or a ripple in the eyes of women. When Shane hits stones several feet away with a beautiful shot, everything looks even funny, like acrobatics. In the film, there are many symbolic scenes showing the destruction of old things, such as Shane and Joe jointly pushing down the stake, which should be said to be deliberately arranged by Stevens, who is good at delicacy.

Maybe the wild Ranger just solved the traditional aggressive cowboys. George Stevens’s ambition is more than that. In 1956, he shot the grand legend of the giant, which completely destroyed the traditional Westerns visually. Starting from the cattle in the west, the film gradually integrates into the scene of Jordan on the train played by Locke Hudson, then Maryland with green grass. The modern means of transportation such as car and train comes into view, then the British noble knight and noble horse, and then Leslie’s luxurious home, The mood of the east coast completely dispels people’s subjective imagination: is this a western? This is more like Jane Austen’s novel. The beautiful daughters in a rich family are bent on marrying their daughters to the rich mother and the wise and elegant father.

Soon, Stevens took us back to the vast west. It is the 20th century, but the cowboys in Texas are still as simple and unrestrained as their parents, even a little rude. At this time, the contradiction arranged by Stevens was not the opposition between good and evil, but the contradiction between Eastern civilization and Western tradition. Leslie fainted when she saw others eat calf brain raw. Luz couldn’t bear the eastern flavor of Leslie. Finally, Leslie changed here and Luz died.

At the same time, Stevens arranged the second contradiction: the gap between whites and Mexicans. At this time, Stevens was not hostile to the other like Ford, but treated this problem with a modern and even advanced thought of racial equality (you know, the peak of the civil rights movement was in the 1960s), Leslie, played by Elizabeth Taylor, used her own actions to resolve this gap of inequality, thus changing another common racial opposition in traditional Westerns.

Next, Stevens arranged the third contradiction. Jett, played by James Dean, mined oil with a piece of land given to him by Luz, and suddenly became a tycoon. Jordan, who despises Jett, still adheres to the traditional cattle industry. This contradiction also represents the opposition between tradition and modernity. At the beginning, the grand landscape of wind blowing grass and low seeing cattle and sheep constructed by Stevens for us was replaced by oil wells everywhere. Jordan finally had to agree to his own land for human development under the persuasion of family members. This change also indicates the demise of tradition. There are no cowboys, even cattle, and Texans no longer graze, And started the oil business, which is the end of the cowboy story.

Maybe Stevens didn’t feel cruel enough about the end. He arranged another contradiction on this. The contradiction between Jordan and his children, especially his son, little Jordan. Little Jordan was held by his father on horseback shortly after he was born, but he was scared to lie down in his mother’s arms and cry. Angry old Jordan couldn’t help it. When he grew up, he was unwilling to accept the inheritance of the family, The traditional family did not even have a successor man. This end is not complete.

George Stevens dug the grave for the traditional western in giant, covered the coffin, buried it in the loess, inserted the tombstone, and provided wreath eulogy. Although the film is too grand, many places are superficial and lack Stevens’s consistent delicacy and thoughtfulness, its historical status and significance can never be ignored. Before these two films, Stevens didn’t have many good works. The swing time in the 1930s depended on the dance skills of Astaire and ginger. In 51, there was a sunny film with great efforts, but it didn’t seem to surpass the literary depth of the original. After the legend of the giant, he failed to make any great works. It should be said that only these two Westerns that ring the evening bell for Westerns at sunset are the most important and valuable works in his film career. Although he has no new ideas in narration and no creativity in skills (Stevens can even say that he has no skills. He shoots all the plays from all angles, and then selects good-looking ones together when editing), he selects the appropriate script at the right time and makes works that show the changes of the times, which has a strong sense of the times, So that he could occupy a place in the 1950s of the new and old Freemasonry, and was elected president of the college in 55.

When the clock struck in the late 1950s, the western film really became a legend. The era has still put it into the museum. When the studio put an end to this legend from the source, we can’t even find the aftersound of the bell.

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