During one scene, in a footage, we briefly see some sexual drawings. Anyways, this is not so evident.
Some references to accusations of “race defilement” when discussing former laws by the Third Reich against “Aryan” Gentiles engaging in “improper” relationships with Jews, e.g. “Irene Hoffman” character, then 16, in what was seen as an “improper” relationship (“sleeping with” an elderly Jewish male neighbor).
In footage of Holocaust victims show a fully nude dead man. Penis and testicle are shown. While this is not sexual, it is pretty extreme for a 1960’s movie.


Film review:Translated by www.rabudo-ru.com


Nuremberg trial is a famous trial in history, which has established several important principles for the development of international law, especially the law of war. At the same time, the trial also encountered a number of challenges, from the legal level, from the ethical level, and from the conflict between law and ethics.

The 1961 American film “judgment at Nuremberg” tries to condense this grand historical picture into a trial process. The director selected the judicial process of trial judge. Law and ethics are the core issues throughout the film.

German judges were accused of enforcing laws that were in force at the time but are now considered evil, such as laws to prevent racial pollution and laws to deprive children of their reproductive rights. A very important question in court investigation is: what is the status of judges in Germany? To what extent are they subject to external pressure? Does the judge have the right to choose and what will happen if he does not obey? A justice ministry official, wick, who was once a teacher of judge Yelin, one of the defendants, confirmed that he was forced to resign because of his resistance to Hitler’s evil law. Related to this, the court should examine the loyalty of German judges to the Nazis, which is actually a subjective investigation. That is to judge the behavior of German judges from two aspects: subjective state and objective possibility. But the question is, even if the judge has the possibility of choice, should he choose? Is his duty to enforce the law, or can he judge the law above the law? The further question is, if so, what rules should he follow?

This involves not only the professional ethics of judges, but also the eternal debate on Law: is there a rule with higher effectiveness than positive law that can judge positive law? Different legal schools have different answers to this question: the school of natural law believes that the effectiveness of divine law and natural law is higher than positive law, while the school of historical law does not recognize the effectiveness of natural law.

In this situation, German judges are facing both external political pressure and professional ethics challenges. That’s what makes judge Yelin different from others. Other judges are only political figures. They naturally choose to obey politics; Yelin has gone through reflection. In fact, what he obeys is not political pressure, but his professional ethics and his ethical judgment of positive law. However, his choice was rejected by the court in the Nuremberg trial.

The above analyzes the dilemma of professional ethics faced by German judges, that is, whether they should obey the law, execute the law or judge the law and choose to apply it. The standard of judging the law must be ethical and beyond the law. The Nuremberg trial also involved the discussion of ethics.

As mentioned above, judge Yelin’s choice is based on the understanding of professional ethics on the one hand and the ethical judgment of positive law on the other. In other words, to some extent, he agreed with the value orientation of positive law at that time: national standard. In order to achieve the so-called common interests of the country, he did not hesitate to sacrifice his basic rights, such as life and health; Therefore, the policy of racial evolution and the law of deprivation of reproductive rights came into being. This is not only Yelin’s ethical choice, but also the ethical choice of all defendants, even the ethical choice of the whole upper class society in Germany. The beautiful and elegant Mrs. Berto in the film undoubtedly represents the image of the upper class in Germany. The reason she defended Yelin was: “judge Yelin behaved like a gentleman and noble, and dared to defend his dignity and honor. How could such a decent person make mistakes?” These noble people have not suffered, so they have no sympathy and compassion for the victims. It is not impossible for them to know the consequences of implementing the law, but they do not want to know and think about it. Therefore, in the final meeting with Yelin, when Yelin said that he did not know that their judgment would bring so many killings and deaths, judge Haiwu responded: “when you sentence the first person to death, you should understand this.” Yes, when there is no concept of “person” in your eyes, a person and many people are equal in your eyes – equal to nothingness. In the Nuremberg trial, judge Heywood gave the strongest condemnation of this ethical judgment. He ruled that: “the defendant’s behavior violates the common principles of civilized society. The state is not a stone, but an extension of man – justice, truth and personal value are the basic values of the state.”

It was based on this ethical belief that judge Heywood and prosecutor resisted the political pressure exerted by the United States and insisted on making a guilty verdict on the German judge. As the socialist camp began to form, the capitalist camp led by the United States took West Germany as the front position against the socialist camp, so it tried its best to win the support of Germany. To get the support of Germany, we must get the support of social elites. The German judges on trial are undoubtedly the core figures. While trying German judges, judges and prosecutors also accepted the trial of their own conscience. They were faced with a situation similar to that of German judges at that time——

When conscience encounters politics, do you choose conscience or politics?

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