No nudity.
A short kiss (non sexual)
A man looking for stolen property forces his way into a place which uis implied might be a house of prostitution, but there is little here that a young person would catch.
A young boy goes to a wall to relieve himself near a wall, he unbuckles his pants, but his father calls him before he could expose himself.


Film review:Translated by www.rabudo-ru.com


People who have not lost their jobs may not fully understand what it is like to be unemployed.

The first wave is humiliation. Being called into the empty conference room in full view of the public, whether it is good advice or business, you will look dazed and dizzy under the great blow and shock. A short section of the aisle turned into a “shame parade” in an instant. It was polite to pack up and leave quietly; If a colleague comes to see him off, the comforting words with regret and regret, even if they are sincere and considerate, will instantly change their tone into the deaf ears, and will be alienated into the background noise of pity and ridicule, which will make people feel confused and overwhelmed.

Next, deny it. Unable to think and listen, the mind is blank, and there is a huge insurmountable gap between history and reality. After the mood calmed down, I couldn’t help looking back again and again. What did I do wrong to cause bad luck? Is it fate or a small probability event? Maybe there’s room for maneuver? Maybe it’s just a temporary grounding? Maybe it’s just a nightmare. Wake up, wake up, everything hasn’t happened yet, and everything will still be as usual

Denial of failure is followed by depression. How can fate be so ill fated? It always makes people stumble and stumble, one stumble and one somersault. The eyebrows of parents, the eyes of peers and the complaints of wives and children are endless and never bottom out. In repeated self denial and doubt, it is inevitable to draw self deprecating conclusions, such as mediocre and low ability, dull personality, narrow and closed vision and so on. They may not complain and abandon themselves, but in the end, they lose all their confidence, lose their face, are depressed and difficult to stop, and are depressed.

Under such heavy material pressure and sharp psychological blow, how should an unemployed person face life? What kind of dead corner should the times and fate force people into before they are willing to turn pain into lotus?

The representative work of Italian Neo realism, Ladri di biciclette, starts with Antonio rich, who has been unemployed for two years, who has just found a job posting posters. After World War II, Italy was devastated and struggling. The high unemployment rate plunged the whole Rome into poverty and panic. Countless people competed for every humble job. Rich’s hard won job of putting up posters had to ride a bicycle, but his employer didn’t provide bicycles. In order to do this job, rich’s wife Maria pawned the only dowry sheet worth some money in the family. The family had to sleep all the mattresses before redeeming the old bicycle pawned for dinner. For rich, this old car is the lifeblood of his family’s livelihood and the only sustenance and hope that can change his fate.

Bruno, rich’s six-year-old son, cherished his father’s broken bicycle. He polished it every day, remembering even a small pit. He waved like a little man and complained that the pawnbrokers didn’t pay enough attention to the car. He wrote all his worship of his father on his face. Early in the morning, both father and son wore coarse cloth overalls to work. Each of them had an omelet roll made by his mother in his upper pocket for lunch. He smiled brightly and was full of vitality – a new day, a day with work and income, was about to begin.

 

Compared with the naive and lovely of little Bruno, the character rich in the film has multiple levels. When he first found a job, he was very excited, but as soon as he heard that he had to have a bicycle, he immediately went crazy and sighed in front of his wife like a child, waiting for Maria to find a way for him. After the car was robbed, he was in a panic. He also asked a friend who was the driver of the cleaning car to help him settle down. With the hope fading away, his anxiety and despair became stronger and stronger. Finally, whether he could find a bicycle was not only the necessity of livelihood, but also the dignity and image of a father in the eyes of his children. When this dignity suffered an unprecedented blow in the face of ruthless life, his depression directly evolved into anxiety, and the innocent little Bruno became an outlet. But once Bruno’s safety became the top priority, the father’s love immediately defeated everything. The tall man was in a hurry and almost tried to please the still angry little guy around him.

Lamberto Maggiorani, an amateur actor who plays rich, was indeed a blue collar driver before he became famous. His slightly sunken cheeks and raised head lines when talking made people sigh at him silently, but the most unforgettable thing was his eyes, which accumulated some seemingly gentle but silent sadness, Soaked with a lot of forbearance and brewing, it is like two bitter wells with no bottom.

Such a rich is very unforgettable – his unique sadness is not the product of the sad feelings of wind, flowers, snow and moon. It is the fatigue from inside to outside after experiencing the most severe pressure and tempering of life, and the corresponding subconscious physical fatigue. Machiolani’s rich is always very slow. After the car was stolen, he didn’t chase it immediately, but stood in the same place in a daze. The time difference of these seconds just helped the thief and his accomplices escape; He chased an old man for porridge and rushed into the church with little Bruno, but he was always one step late and half slow; His legs were very heavy, as if he had to break away from some invisible obstacle before he could finally take that step. Such a character is thin, tall, slow and melancholy. While fighting against the fatigue of fate, he must also strive to maintain the illusion of a father’s omnipotent image in the eyes of his children, which makes his instant happiness with little Bruno in the restaurant more bright and precious in a series of deteriorating events, and strengthens the severity and destructiveness of subsequent emergencies.

In addition to the main line of rich and little Bruno looking for bicycles, the film also skillfully integrates realistic criticism into the arrangement of auxiliary characters and scenes. The poor mother of the car thief is a typical lower class woman. She is eager to protect her son. She can open her teeth and claws in the face of rich’s questions, but she immediately softens in the face of the police who represent the state power. Although she looks at each other angrily, she always wants to let others search her broken home. The old man who sold the stolen goods in partnership with the thieves was ragged. On the one hand, he was timid. Rich threatened everything at random; On the other hand, he was crafty and disappeared under his eyelids like a slippery eel. After rich lost his car, the alarm led to the inaction of the government, while the old man’s begging for porridge led to the powerlessness of God in the face of huge social poverty. When the two roads of government and religious redemption were blocked, what other options could the bottom poor in Italy have in addition to stealing and robbing in Rome, a big city with serious polarization between the rich and the poor?

The original work of the bicycle thief was written by Luigi Bartolini, an Italian painter, writer and poet, in 1946. The film was moved to the screen by Italian director Vittorio De Sica in 1948. More than half a century later, the whole world has experienced a new electronic technology industrial revolution, creating unprecedented wealth and miracles, but at the same time, the employment situation has not been qualitatively improved. Robert Reich, an economist at University of California at Berkeley’s Goldman School of national policy, pointed out in a new book, Aftershock, that an important cause of economic growth bubbles, high unemployment and slow economic recovery is the high concentration of social wealth and the increasing polarization of Reich. Professor Lake compared the share of the highest income group in the social wealth of the United States in the new century with the historical situation. He found that only in 1928 and 2007, 1% of the highest income group accounted for more than 23% of the social wealth, and these two extreme years were the year before the most serious economic crisis in American history. Professor Lake believes that as long as social wealth continues to be concentrated and the injustice of the polarization between the rich and the poor is not fundamentally and systematically improved, the hope of American revival will be far away. From this point of view, the bicycle thief in 1948 is not far away in practical sense. It has created the most vivid and concrete image for all unemployment and poverty. It always reminds us that the state and government must be committed to social justice and institutional fairness, and must be committed to the rational and fair distribution of wealth, not the opposite.

The most worrying scene in the film is that 50 seconds before the end, rich and little Bruno are pushed and pushed forward aimlessly with the crowd. De Sika’s grasp of the lighting of this scene is amazing. The sunset at the entrance of the alley first quickly passed rich’s right face. At the moment of light and darkness, rich was still trying his best to maintain his composure. During the lens transition, little Bruno, who was full of tears and sweat, stared with wide eyes and looked up at his tall father. The next second, the sun disappeared. Rich looked down at his son walking around and holding his hand. All the grievances, hardships, despair, guilt, helplessness and remorse gathered together and immediately raised his eyebrows. At that moment, rich cried. The tall, strong man who had been running all day finally cried in front of his six-year-old son. The camera moves to little Bruno again. He keeps looking up at his father. At the same time, rich’s rough big hand tightly holds Bruno’s small hand. Tightly, the father and son don’t say anything, just go forward, go forward, aimless.

What is the taste of unemployment? This is the taste of unemployment, being pushed and squeezed by life, rolling and crawling aimlessly in the utter darkness; Stepping on the sharp knife of shame, pressure and hesitation, we must still shoulder the determination of family and responsibility; It is the stone like silence after continuous trauma, blow, denial and despair; It was the tears on rich’s face and the fear of the future in little Bruno’s eyes.

What else can you do at such a moment and in the face of such reality? What can you do but cry?

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