A young boy is briefly seen from the front wearing only a shirt.
A woman is briefly shown breastfeeding her baby


Film review:Translated by www.rabudo-ru.com


● Tong Meng

In 1975, Vietnam was reunified, and the “lono regime supported by the United States in Cambodia” was in turmoil. The Khmer Rouge had approached Phnom Penh, and the land of killing began at this moment

Cageless birds

Two main characters, one is xinni, a reporter of the New York Times in Cambodia, and the other is Pandy, his translator and assistant. But the Oscar award to Pandy’s actor Wu Han (Southeast Asian Chinese, Buddhist) is actually a “best supporting actor” award, which makes us “foreigners” who don’t understand the rules puzzling. Although Wu Han had no acting experience before, he personally experienced and escaped the catastrophe, so it can almost be said that he was playing himself.

Pandey’s firm and sharp eyes are unforgettable, like some of the plants peculiar to Indochina. Although Pandy was in danger several times in the “reform through labor” and jungle escape, his life was like a string; Although the plot is tense and breathless, I always believe that Pandy will escape and be free – “some birds can’t be caged after all, because their feathers are too beautiful”

When the Khmer Rouge was about to enter the city, cinny told him that “there would be a massacre”. Pandy said, “I love my family, but I am also a reporter, and I am very painful…” the inner conflict was directly revealed on his tearful face… On the last day of evacuation, he sent the women to the last batch of helicopters in the United States, knowing that he would “die” but resolutely stayed. It is hard to imagine that this is the choice of a “rational man”. After all, he is the most front-line reporter. He must be well aware of the thunderous means of the Khmer Rouge to treat him as an “old man”. Moreover, he could have chosen to leave, just like those journalists who had left earlier, but out of professional integrity and trust in his friends, he made this choice that made him go through hardships and setbacks. In the besieged city, how much courage does it take to choose to stay? In the “reform through labor camp”, he sometimes hesitated and feared, but at the critical moment of life and death, he calmly lurked in the pond, swam across the paddy field and through the jungle… Under the strict and fierce guard, how much courage does it take to escape from the clutches of the Khmer Rouge?

However, courage alone is not enough. The Khmer Rouge is a group of “revolutionaries” who are proficient in power. If they want to “seek skin from the tiger”, they also need silent wisdom. The party representatives sent by Anka (organization, Khmer) used English to test the reform through labor people and called on their “doctors, professors and students” to communicate with each other with “Anka needs you and Anka forgives everything in the past”. Several people were moved to tears and threw themselves into the arms of Anka, The God of death turned around and put a sickle on these “hidden class enemies”: “all white people to ankatan disappeared”. But Pandy kept his silence, endured the melodious flute sound of the party representative “leading the snake out of the cave”, pretended that he didn’t know French and English, and sat down like the most simple farmer. Unlike the intellectuals in the “ivory tower”, Pandy, a “poisonous snake” with rich survival experience, has insight into the intentions of the “revolutionaries”. He continues to lurk and wait for the opportunity.

In the struggle with the Khmer Rouge, pandi’s human light was not erased: he protected a gecko from being trampled to death in the heavy rain, and he was worried about the uprooted plants. He cherishes life, as a Buddhist, but also as a person who understands the meaning of life. When pandi escaped from one Khmer Rouge group and was captured by another group, he was responsible for looking after the leader’s children. From the subjective perspective of the leader, the film depicts his careful care for a Khmer Rouge descendant. He hummed a nursery rhyme gently – slowly put the child on the bed – carefully tucked in the tent – and then quietly cleared the table. There was even a place in the back where the child fell asleep. He even leaned into the tent and kissed him, and he was as happy as a child. He suffered inhuman abuse and torture from the Khmer Rouge, but his heart did not “hate” (at least “not as good as his wife”), but interpreted the realm of “children, my children and human children”.

Red Nightmare

Scholars from various countries have revealed a lot about the atrocities of the Khmer Rouge. Now there are two hot spots in Cambodia tourism, one is Angkor Wat, and the other is the Khmer Rouge ruins represented by S21 concentration camp. There have been endless lawsuits about the Khmer Rouge massacre. The focus of the dispute is who is the executioner between the United States and the Khmer Rouge, just as the domestic academic circles debate who “slaughters Shu” between Zhang Xianzhong and the Qing army. However, unlike the latter, which took place in the 17th century, there are survivors of the Holocaust, photos, videos and other materials, mass graves and other material evidence. These important evidence have nailed the Khmer Rouge to the pillar of historical shame. “Even Cambodians themselves do not think that the number of people who died in the US bombing in 1973 can be compared with the number of deaths during the four-year rule of the Khmer Rouge.” At the time of filming, although the Khmer Rouge had retreated into the jungle, the nightmare would not dissipate until more than a decade later or even longer.

In the film, when the Khmer Rouge entered Phnom Penh, the former government forces and citizens played a white flag. What they looked at was “falling flags and stones”. The whole street seemed to be shrouded in an atmosphere of victory and peace. Pandy jumped into the crowd and shouted, “peace! Peace!” However, victory always belongs only to the victor, not to the illusory so-called “people”. Before long, Pandy and three foreign journalists found the truth of blood in the hospital. But it was too late. Khmer Rouge leader Pol Pot used war preparedness as an excuse to expel all the people from the city and implemented the “agricultural Utopia” plan. The white flags were shrouds that sent the suffering Cambodian people to death.

Pandy hid in the French Embassy, but because of a rain, his fake passport was reimbursed and had to leave sadly. He was tortured in the reform through labor camp: he resisted high-intensity labor and arbitrary abuse and beating, but the evil in his eyes made him shudder: the girls had chilling eyes, and they took people’s lives as easily as they pulled out plants; In the classroom, there was originally a chalk picture of “family photo” on the blackboard, but a little girl came forward to severely cross the “parents”, and did not forget to cut off the hand held by the “child” and “parents” with her fingers; The oblivious indoctrination of the compulsory spirit bothered him: “the enemy is within us, and no one is worth believing”, “no thought, except the party’s thought; no love, except love ‘Anka'”

On the way to escape, Pandy saw a creepy scene. In the river valley, hundreds of dead bodies piled up: ferocious skulls, weak dry hands, ragged clothes, and those slaughtered by Anka were alluvial together. The doomsday scene made him fall and get up in horror, and his bones creaked. After passing through this “valley of the shadow of death”, he fainted on the roadside

The Khmer Rouge brought Rousseau’s theory of violent revolution to the extreme. They tried to establish a kingdom of heaven on earth, but they repeated history again – bringing hell on earth. However, the Khmer Rouge excelled in the blue. “Anka surpassed Lenin and Mao Zedong”, and finally pushed the “Utopia” experiment of the 20th century to the peak. In this sacrifice, 20000 Vietnamese died, 430000 Chinese died, 215000, 10000 Lao died, 4000, 20000 Thai died, and at least 1 million people died in the country, compared with only 7 million people in Cambodia at that time.

Voltaire had long predicted that “the system consistent between the priest and the empire is the most terrible system.” Where did the terrible system come from? In exotic 2 written by Wu nianzhen, commander Luo, a drug lord, once said enlighteningly: “what is poison? Those who have a thought let thousands of people fight and bleed for this thought, that is poison!”

What happened later

When the international community watched the Khmer Rouge trample on human rights and genocide under the pretext of “non-interference in each other’s internal affairs”, Vietnam “invaded” Cambodia in 1978, and the Khmer Rouge was defeated in just two weeks. At the successive UN General Assembly after 1979, the vast majority of “irrelevant” member states unanimously condemned Vietnam’s invasion of Cambodia and demanded that Vietnam withdraw its troops unconditionally. China even did not hesitate to send troops directly to Vietnam to extricate the Khmer Rouge.

Of course, Vietnam has its own wishful thinking, and its purpose is not simple. However, their overseas Chinese were slaughtered by each other, and sending troops in the name of “volunteer army” is not unknown. Moreover, Cambodia, which has lived in hell on earth for more than three years, simply regards Vietnam as the Savior, and the Vietnamese army is welcomed beyond their imagination. Hun Sen, who went to Vietnam to move rescue troops, has never been regarded as a “Cambodian traitor”. On the contrary, he has been making great strides to become the prime minister.

Since then, Cambodia’s internal “relations are heavy”, while the international political situation is volatile, which has been delayed for nearly a decade. When the leaders of the Khmer Rouge died or grew old, the “special court” to try the Khmer Rouge came late on November 20, 2007. As the Western proverb goes, “justice that is late is injustice”. Can this soul song on the ruins really dispel the worries and come from it, an inextricable nightmare?

Is Cambodia’s national sovereignty and the human rights of the Cambodian people a matter of course that “heaven and earth attach great importance to my head”? Does the Khmer Rouge have the right to massacre its own people and commit genocide without the intervention of another country? The film ends with John Lennon’s imagination, but the answer is floating in the wind.

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