Very brief and historically accurate depictions of partial nudity. The R-rating was entirely unwarranted. The film is approved for 8 and older in the UK.
Suggested re-rating: PG for mild violence and brief partial nudity in an historical context
The film depicts a few sequences wherein prostitutes are seen with their bare breasts exposed in public places. This is an accurate portrayal of the film’s historical setting. In one scene, a man is seen placing his hand upon a prostitute’s breast for a split second, presumably about to solicit her services.


Film review:Translated by www.rabudo-ru.com


Even if you haven’t read the original play of Shakespeare’s Merchant of Venice, you must know the ugly face of the Jewish businessman Shylock. He is greedy, money loving, cruel and cunning, and is determined to kill Antonio with an angelic heart. The image of this character is deeply rooted in the hearts of the people. It seems that it has become a statue and there is no place to turn over.

However, after watching the merchant of Venice played by Al Pacino, I began to have a new understanding of Shylock, the merchant of Venice and even Jews.

The merchant of Venice, directed by Michael Radford, is a subversion of tradition. The play starred Shylock by Al Pacino. He portrayed the sad Jew who was at the bottom of the society, had empty money but no social status, and tried to win his own personal dignity.

I think the director has more or less adapted the original work in order to achieve this effect. However, after reading the original work, I found that the original director shot from the standpoint of full respect for the original work. If there is any change, it is just telling this familiar story from a more fair and objective perspective.

What kind of person is Shylock, and what does Shylock need Antonio’s pound of meat for? It seems that this is not in line with what a mercenary Jian Shang does.

One thing is reflected in the original works and films, but not known to the majority of readers, that is, the conflict between Judaism and Christianity in Europe at that time. The persecution of Jews did not begin with Hitler. In fact, this nation suffered a lot from its birth. In the middle ages, after Christianity was recognized by the Roman Empire and regarded as a state religion, the persecution of homologous Judaism became more crazy and legal.

First of all, Jews can only live in places designated by the state. They can’t go in and out of public places at will during the day. If they want to come out, they must wear a red hat to show the difference between them and Christians; Secondly, Jews can’t own their own property. Even if you have more money, you can’t have your own house, so the only thing Jews have is money. I think this is also an important factor for why Jews are so penny pinching and how to make money. Because they have too many risks and uncertain factors to be recognized by the secular and law, Without property, status and dignity, what they can do may be to reserve money as much as possible to resist unpredictable risks.

At the beginning of the video, a group of Christians are clamoring to kill all the Jews. Then Antonio, the protagonist of the film, spits on Shylock, a Jew who tries to talk to him, and shows a disdainful look of “you also deserve to talk to me” (this plot is also explained in the original book). I remember I was shocked by the plot: God, aren’t you Antonio with a heart of gold? How can you treat a Jew who just wants to talk to you (even if you don’t know the nature of what he’s going to say)? Is your angelic heart only open to Christians of your kind? Since the Jews are so unbearable in your noble heart, why bother to borrow money from them? So when Shylock accuses Antonio, I will think it is Antonio’s deserved scolding, because his heart is not as clear and noble as he advertises——

Mr. Antonio, many times you scolded me in the exchange and said I exploited profits. I always swallowed my anger and shrugged my shoulders without arguing with you, because it is the characteristic of our nation to endure persecution. You call me a pagan, a murderous dog, and spit on my Jewish robe because I earn a few interest with my own money. Well, it seems that you have come to me for help now; You came to see me and you said, “Shylock, we want some money,” you said to me. You spit on my beard and kick me with your feet as if I were a wild dog at your door; Now you ask me for money. What should I tell you? Should I say, “can a dog have money? Can a bad dog borrow 3000 yuan?” Or should I bend down and say respectfully like a slave, “good sir, you spit on me last Wednesday; one day you kicked me; the other day you scolded my dog; should I lend you so much money in return for your grace?”

At the end of the video, Antonio was of course unharmed. His prestige was even higher than yesterday. He got friendship and more wealth. At this time, the director also led the audience to the climax of the video: the Duke of Venice announced that he would confiscate all Shylock’s money, And with the Venetian law of “Jews who directly or indirectly try to murder Christians will be sentenced to death”, Shylock was deprived of his life. At this time, Antonio showed everyone his magnanimous mind——

Half of Shylock’s money will be confiscated, and the remaining half will be entrusted by Antonio. When he dies, he will return it to his daughter Jessica. But the premise is that Shylock must give up his Jewish identity and change to Christianity.

Shylock is a Jew with strong self-esteem. There is no crueler choice than to let him give up his identity, although he also cherishes money and life. When you see Shylock holding the holy things of Judaism after hearing the sentence, you cry; When you see that at last he has no attendants in the face of Judaism and Christianity, we see that Antonio, the “superior” tortured the “inferior” with his kindness and tolerance.

This video gave me a great shock. Whether it’s the director’s efforts to correct the stereotyped understanding of this Shakespeare play, or the almost perfect performance of Al Pacino, let’s start to re-examine the real merchant of Venice written by Shakespeare, and let’s re-examine the democracy, equality and even the barbarism and cruelty behind civilization in the West. (of course, our traditional education model of facial makeup and typing of characters is also harmful! How many students have established the image of Shylock’s greed, love of money, cruelty and cunning before reading the play? How many teachers have really read the original when teaching us?)

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