The film is based around a black man being charged with the rape of a white girl. This is mentioned and discussed throughout, but euphemistically as “taking advantage.”
Two children are assaulted at night in a wooded area by an alcoholic white man. Implication is this man might have been a serial sexual predator, or least intended to physically assault the children in some manner. He is interrupted and stopped. No sex or nudity.


Film review:Translated by www.rabudo-ru.com


1、 Growth in difficult times

When William Manchester wrote the social record of the United States, he wrote 1932 as “the worst year” in the opening title. The great depression has lasted for three years. Tens of millions of Americans are scrambling for jobs. Two million people are wandering. The middle class is falling rapidly. Some people fight against the situation in such extreme ways as suicide. Keynes said that similar things are called “dark ages”. When people fall to the bottom of deep ditches and don’t know the direction, people will feel that they have run out of money. Most people have nothing to do, their future is slim, and the whole nation falls into a dark low tide and never recovers.

“To kill a Mockingbird” (1962) is the story that takes place in an era full of anxiety, poverty, struggle and fear. The old and dilapidated streets, crooked buildings and grassy Boulevard in MECom town form mottled shadows under the gray sunlight. People procrastinate as much as possible, but they still don’t know how to waste the long 24 hours. Local farmers are poor and can’t afford to pay the fees of consulting lawyers. They can only use food instead. As a lawyer, adix finch is also struggling. In MECom Town, which is mainly agricultural, if farmers can’t afford to pay cash, it means that people in any other occupation can only receive some collateral as payment.

Many children grew up and became sensible in those difficult times, and some of them became future leaders of the United States and guides in various fields, such as Robert F. Kennedy, 7, James Baldwin, 8, Gerald Ford and Richard M. Nixon, 19. It can be said that that era created them and deeply affected their thoughts and future path. The film examines the world through the transparent eyes of nine-year-old Scott and 13-year-old Jim, with a child’s curiosity, the spirit of exploring mystery, and the recklessness and innocence of childhood. They are prone to mistakes, trauma, anger and growth. The joy and hardship of this growth make the plain story reveal a magical power and take the audience out of the fog in the dark.

As the daughter of adix and the narrator of the story, Scott’s cognition of the world and emotional fluctuations have an invisible impact on the pace of the film. Children believe in ghosts and ghosts and enjoy digging such anecdotes. Therefore, she firmly believes in all kinds of terrible rumors about Bu Radley, saying that he is a ghost, with blood in his hands, eats small animals raw, has a terrible scar on his face, sparse teeth, bulging eyes and a skeleton alive. In this fear, the Radley family were gradually demonized into a family telling strange tragedies. Radley’s quiet house has become the best place for horror fantasy. It looks either silent, as if something evil is brewing, or there is a faint low laughter, which is creepy. Bradley is synonymous with terror. In Scott’s nightmares, he always hides in some dark shadow, grinning and howling, with blood flowing from the corners of his mouth. So when she sat in the tire and rolled to the steps of Radley’s house that day, she was almost scared and couldn’t move, “the blood on her body solidified”. The children had been taking risks in Bradley’s yard as part of their entertainment, but their father adix stopped them. They don’t know much about it. They are still children and can’t tell the truth.

Every time Scott is full of anger and dissatisfaction with life and conflicts with the people around her, it is a growth experience that makes her more aware of the face of life. She didn’t like school because she was accused by Miss Caroline. Adix taught her to put herself in the other’s shoes. Although she thought that the traditional teaching method “cheated” some of her own things, adix still let her learn useful things from it; Scott is easily angry and can’t control her emotions, so her way to solve problems is to solve them with violence such as “fist”. As long as she is angry with someone, she will be so extreme that she will say, “I hate you and despise you. I hope you will die tomorrow!” In that case. To some extent, adults are so extreme about blacks that they lose their reason and basic moral judgment. If they hate him, they’ll kill him. Some undisguised lack of human nature displayed by children reflects the shadow of adults.

Children like to respect adix, not only because he is a father, but also because of his justice. Even children need to have a chance to defend themselves. Although they are grumpy, unruly and sometimes fight and swear in the eyes of adults, they also need to understand and express. This is the so-called fairness. Adix never only listens to the one-sided words of either party, but also gives them the opportunity to explain their ideas. This is one of the reasons why Scott respects his father very much. In society, even if most people in the court find a person guilty, he also has the right to defend himself.

Finally, through his good deeds, Bladley was sincere and ruled out the resentment he had buried in his children’s hearts. When the shadow of terror dispersed, Scott suddenly felt that he had grown up and was no longer afraid to believe in the so-called “ghosts, heat, spells, signals” and so on. She learned to use judgment to analyze things instead of trusting rumors and prejudices. Bradley not only gave them two wooden men, a broken watch and chain and a knife, but also saved their lives and accompanied them all the way.

2、 Kill a robin

There is a saying in the American South that killing Robin is a sin. The film’s original novel of the same name, “killing a Mockingbird”, is named after this saying, but the following “is a sin” is omitted. Therefore, from the name, it is more like a statement of an event. This objective calm hides the power of complaint. In addition to singing moving songs, robins do nothing to hurt others, destroy flowers and plants, and destroy barns. They just sing to please the audience. Therefore, killing such harmless creatures is a sin, a meaningless killing.

In the film, there are two harmless birds mistaken for demons. One is Scott’s neighbor, bu Radley, and the other is black Tom Robinson. The former was the victim of prejudice rumors among neighbors, while the latter was the victim of discrimination against blacks in American society at that time.

The story of killing innocent blacks is not fabricated at will, but comes from the real situation of the society at that time. In the 1930s, sexual intercourse between blacks and whites was a crime in the southern states of the United States. Therefore, when many white women were suspected of having an affair with blacks, they said it was rape in order to pass the buck. There was once a famous “scotsboro youth unjust prison”: two white women textile workers accused nine black young men who were out of School of molesting them, which led to the court sentencing the young men to death. After that, all appeals in this case were invalid. All the facts of the case came to an end when the last victim died in prison. Finally, after the truth was made public, the people were in an uproar, which triggered the black people to fight for their human rights.

The impact of the great depression on American psychology was by no means explained by the word poverty. A series of contradictions were ready to go. A series of policies implemented by President Hoover at that time were flashy. He could only say some empty words and painless promises. Many newspapers accused him of lying. There is a scene of decline everywhere in the country, and the financial giants are timid and short-sighted. The gloomy prospect makes everyone hesitate. People are no longer willing to believe anything. Everyone is alone and helpless. In the face of the helpless government, people’s confidence has fallen to the bottom. They tried and failed again and again, and cut off hope for their future life. The more in this mood, the more prominent are many social problems. Like Scott in the film, their anger is always on the verge, ready to vent their accumulated resentment at any time. Therefore, there is such a victim under various complex emotions – Tom Robinson.

From the beginning, the story did not explain the reason for this matter. It was only from the serious dialogue between adults and the conflict between Scott and his classmates that adix wanted to defend the blacks. It seemed that this matter could provoke a war at any time. Ordinary friends and neighbors gradually changed their faces because of this matter. The tranquility of small towns in the south is bound to be broken by this incident.

Jim and Scott first realized the horror of the whole thing when they followed their father to visit Tom Robinson’s family. Jim sat alone in the car waiting for his father in the dark. Mr. Ewell came out of nowhere, bent, jumped drunk to the window, peeped furtively at Scott, then stared at Jim tightly against the glass, twisted his facial features and exposed his false teeth. Jim was a little frightened. In the narrow space in the car, he felt a real sense of oppression and threats from the same kind. These are no longer gossip fantasy, but the “devil” in front of him. Fortunately, his father appeared in time. He appeared in the middle of the picture like an indisputable patron saint, with a serious expression and a slight frown. Mr. Ewell had seen that his father was half short at once, squeezed a “black defender” from his teeth and slipped away. Every time he appeared, he had no good intentions, but he always retreated when he saw adix. It seemed that swearing was only used to cover up his guilt. Even after the trial, he spit on adix’s face, and adix just wiped it off with a handkerchief. The calmer adix was, the more he made euearl ashamed.

Blacks have no right to speak in this film. They can only sit and wait, come and go as soon as they are called, and they can only bear the cold eye in silence. But they still give most whites a sense of fear. As Harper Lee wrote in his book, “there are four kinds of people in the world. Ordinary people like us and our neighbors (‘we’ refers to Jim), people living in the woods like Cunningham, people living in the dump like Ewell, and blacks.” “We” don’t like people like Cunningham, Cunningham doesn’t like people like Ewell, and Ewell hates blacks. And the jury is made up of people like Cunningham. Blacks are at the bottom, the bottom that is most despised and ignored. People always have an unexplained fear of the race they don’t know and despise. Although they consciously feel superior, they still feel that the other party is barbaric, rough and aggressive. Even today, the issue of race is still a problem that can not be ignored in American society. In the film “crash”, which attracted widespread attention in 2004, the white woman played by Sandra Bullock could not help dodging when she saw the black passing in the street. After decades of social development and continuous integration, this involuntary fear still exists. But the internal reasons are more complex and secret.

On the eve of the trial of Tom Robinson in court, the contradiction brewing in the fear of MECom town finally broke out. No one except adix was willing to give blacks a chance to defend themselves. Adix guarded the prison gate, and the light bulb on his head shone calmly. Cars from all directions rushed to the prison gate, and the normally amiable townspeople became ferocious. They were no longer ordinary people with reason, but a group of thugs, trying to break through the guard of adix and tear up the black man in the prison. Adix is no longer a young man. In fact, he is in his fifties. He is not angry or excited. He also stopped Scott from kicking others. Later, he said that the emergence of children subdued the “beast” of these people, but the calm and just power of adix can not be ignored and questioned. He doesn’t need a soldier, he doesn’t need violence, and those people will be deterred by themselves. What people have is not only physical and material strength, but also spiritual strength. Not everyone will become a person like adix, but people will be in awe of such a person, because he has courage they don’t have, persistence they don’t have, and civilization they don’t have. When everyone is blindly angry, crazy and indulge their desires, they are afraid of such a person who has a clear goal and strives for his ideal all his life.

When the economy and spirit of the whole United States fell to the bottom, Roosevelt timely stood up and took out the manuscript in the Hyde Park study, A loud voice spread across the United States through the radio: “the only thing we fear is fear itself, an unnamed, irrational and unreasonable fear. It can paralyze us and accomplish nothing, making it impossible for us to turn from retreat to attack.” The speech injected a stimulant into the dying nation. Those people on the streets stopped, the faint people raised their heads, and the children stopped crying. Although the new president’s coming to power can not immediately change the bleak situation in China, it gives people a boost. Sometimes, when people stagnate in the dark, what they need is not the distant dawn, but the hope in their hearts. This hope is like a light that can guide them out of the darkness of fear.

The children’s fear of Bradley, the residents of MECom town’s fear of blacks, and the American people’s fear of economic depression all made them give up their resistance in fear and can only sink deeper and deeper in fear. Just like Jim left his pants on the edge of Bradley’s yard that night, he didn’t know what to fear, but fear made him run away. When they finally find that their fear is not true, what makes them afraid is the cowardice in their heart and the confidence suppressed by frustration. Once you find this, you find how strong their heart will become when people experience a desperate situation, “because we always stand on the edge of death without giving up our love for life. From vulnerability to strength. From strength to confidence.”

3、 Only belongs to Gregory Parker’s adix finch

“Even if I say it in a big way, if I don’t have compassion, it’s like a bell ringing and a bowl ringing in vain.

Even if I foresee the future and know the mystery; Even if I have full faith, I can move mountains; If I don’t have compassion, what am I? ”

——New Testament Paul’s first letter to the Corinthians

At the party in memory of Gregory Parker, her daughter stood on the stage and said, “the world wants a father like Gregory Parker, but he is our father. He is really like Atticus Finch.” In the documentary broadcast at the memorial meeting, Parker scribbled the following words at the end of the script of “killing a robin”: justice, courage, persistence and love. These words belong not only to adix, but also to Parker. As a father, Parker may not be generous, but he is always fair. No matter how busy his work is, he can spare time to deal with family affairs. He has never missed any important moment in the growth of his children. As his child, you just need to be careful not to ask too much, because he will give satisfaction. As long as he thinks the request is reasonable, he will fly to them even across half the earth.

Pike had two events in his life that meant a lot to him. One was in 1952, when she met winoni. She was his favorite and companion in life. She rehearsed every dialogue in the script with him and went to every shooting place of him. She was always with him. He loves her very much.

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